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Picture of Franklin Delano Roosevelt


32nd President (1933-1945)

Biographical Data
Religious Views
References, Links, & Further Reading

Education: Harvard

Occupation: lawyer

Political Affiliation: Democrat

Organizational Affiliation(s): Mason

Religious Affiliation: Episcopalian

Summary of Religious Views:

Views on Religion & Politics:


"From the bottom of my heart I believe that this beloved country of ours is entering upon a time of great gain. That gain can well include a greater material prosperity if we take care that it is a prosperity for a hundred and twenty million human beings and not a prosperity for the top of the pyramid alone. It can be a prosperity socially controlled for the common good. It can be a prosperity built on spiritual and social values rather than on special privilege and special power.
"Toward that new definition of prosperity the churches and the Governments, while wholly separate in their functioning, can work hand in hand. Government can ask the churches to stress in their teaching the ideals of social justice, while at the same time government guarantees to the churches- Gentile and Jewish—the right to worship God in their own way. The churches, while they remain wholly free from even the suggestion of interference in Government, can at the same time teach their millions of followers that they have the right to demand of the Government of their own choosing, the maintenance and furtherance of "a more abundant life." State and Church are rightly united in a common aim. With the help of God, we are on the road toward it." -- Address before the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America, 6 December 1933

"The lessons of religious toleration -- a toleration which recognizes complete liberty of human thought, liberty of conscience -- is one which, by precept and example, must be inculcated in the hearts and minds of all Americans if the institutions of our democracy are to be maintained and perpetuated.
"We must recognize the fundamental rights of man. There can be no true national life in our democracy unless we give unqualified recognition to freedom of religious worship and freedom of education. We have not forgotten, nor ever shall forget, the noble service in the cause of religious toleration rendered by the Calverts in Maryland three centuries ago. It gives me pleasure, therefore, to learn that The Commonweal, organ of the Calvert Associates, has arranged to celebrate in St. Patrick's Cathedral next Monday the three hundred third anniversary of the founding of Maryland, and Maryland's part in the establishment of religious liberty in America.
"I have learned also with peculiar satisfaction that The Commonweal believes that rarely before in our history have prospects for achieving permanent harmony among the various elements composing our Nation been so propitious as at the present time. I rejoice in this assurance. I pledge myself at this solemn commemoration, with all the resources at my command, to work for so happy a consummation. My prayer shall ever be that this Nation, under God, may vindicate through all coming time the sanctity of the right of all within our borders to the free exercise of religion according to the dictates of conscience." -- letter to Michael Williams, The Calvert Associates, 30 March 1937

"Our modern democratic way of life has its deepest roots in our great common religious tradition, which for ages past has taught to civilized mankind the dignity of the human being, his equality before God, and his responsibility in the making of a better and fairer world.
"Everywhere in the world there are men of stout heart and firm faith now engaged in a great spiritual struggle to test whether that ancient wisdom is to endure, or whether it must give way to the older, discarded doctrine that some few men shall dominate multitudes of others and dictate to them their thinking, their religion, their living. This conflict has found its most terrible expression in a war which has now engulfed a large portion of humanity. In its more peaceful aspects, the same struggle also pervades all efforts of men of good will who are seeking through democracy the way to the world to come.
"In teaching this democratic faith to American children, we need the sustaining, buttressing aid of those great ethical religious teachings which are the heritage of our modern civilization. For "not upon strength nor upon power, but upon the spirit of God" shall our democracy be founded." -- letter to Samuel I. Rosenman on Religion in Democracy, 16 December 1940 December 16th, 1940

"The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way -- everywhere in the world." --The "Four Freedoms" speech, 6 January 1941

References, Links, & Further Reading: Books, Articles, Links


Works by Franklin Delano Roosevelt

ed. by Edgar B. Nixon, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Foreign Affairs, vols. 1-3, Harvard Univ. Press, 1969
ed. by Donald B. Schewe, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Foreign Affairs, vols. 4-17, Clearwater Pub., 1979
ed. by Warren F. Kimball, Churchill and Roosevelt, The Complete Correspondence, 3 vols., Princeton Univ. Press, 1984


Conrad Black, Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Champion of Freedom, PublicAffairs, 2003
James M. Burns, Roosevelt: The Lion and the Fox, Harcourt, Brace & World, 1956
James M. Burns, Roosevelt, the Soldier of Freedom: 1940-1945, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1970
Wayne S. Cole, Roosevelt and the Isolationists, 1932-45, Univ. of Nebraska Press, 1983
Peter Collier, with David Horowitz, The Roosevelts: An American Saga, Simon and Schuster, 1994
Paul K. Conkin, The New Deal (American History Series), 2d ed., Harlan Davidson, 1975
Robert Dalleck, Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 1932-1945, Oxford Univ. Press, 1979
ed. by Robert Dalleck, Roosevelt Diplomacy and World War II, Krieger, 1979
Kenneth S. Davis, FDR: The New Deal Years 1933-1937, Random House, 1986
Frank Freidel, Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Rendezvous With Destiny, 4 vols., Little, Brown, 1952-1973
Richard T. Goldberg, The Making Of Franklin D. Roosevelt Triumph Over Disability, 1982; reprint, Univ. Press of America 1984
Doris Kearns Goodwin, No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II, Simon & Schuster, 1994
Robert D.Graff, Emmet Ginna, and Roger Butterfield, FDR, Harper & Row, 1963
Waldo H. Heinrichs, Threshold of War: Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Entry into World War II, Oxford Univ. Press, 1988
Richard Hough, The Greatest Crusade: Roosevelt, Churchill, and the Naval Wars, Morrow, 1986
Fred L. Israel, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Chelsea House, 1985
Robert H. Jackson, That Man: An Insider's Portrait of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Oxford Univ. Press, 2003
Warren F. Kimball, The Juggler: Franklin Roosevelt as Wartime Statesman, 1991; reprint, Princeton Univ. Press, 1994
Eric Larrabee, Commander in Chief: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, His Lieutenants, and Their War (Bluejacket Books), Harper and Row, 1989
William Leuchtenburg, Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal: 1932-1940, Harper and Row, 1963
Eric Fettmann & Steven Lomazow, FDR's Deadly Secret, PublicAffairs, 2010
Stefan Lorant, FDR: A Pictorial Biography, Simon & Schuster, 1950
Ted Morgan, F. D. R.: A Biography, Simon & Schuster, 1986
Albert U. Romasco, The Politics of Recovery: Roosevelt's New Deal, Oxford Univ. Press, 1983
Eleanor Roosevelt, This I Remember, 1949; reprint, Greenwood Press, 1975
Jean Edward Smith, FDR, Random House, 2007
Geoffrey C. Ward, Before The Trumpet - Young Franklin Roosevelt 1882-1905, Harper, 1986
Geoffrey C. Ward, A First Class Temperament: The Emergence of Franklin Roosevelt, Harper and Row, 1989



Works by Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Selected Speeches of Franklin Delano Roosevelt (New Deal Network)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945) -- selected speeches & messages (Hypertext on American History)
Franklin D. Roosevelt: Historic Speeches (Presidential Rhetoric)
Franklin D. Roosevelt: Selected Works (Humanities Web)
Document Library (TeachingAmericanHistory.org)
FDR Speeches (History Out Loud Homepage)
Addresses and Messages of Franklin D. Roosevelt -- foreign policy
First Inaugural Address (American Rhetoric)
First Inaugural Address (AMDOCS)
Second Inaugural Address (AMDOCS)
Third Inaugural Address (AMDOCS)
Fourth Inaugural Address (AMDOCS)
The "Four Freedoms" (American Rhetoric)
The "Four Freedoms"
A date which will live in infamy (AMDOCS)
Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation (American Rhetoric)
Franklin D. Roosevelt's "Quarantine" Speech (AMDOCS)
"Arsenal of Democracy" Speech (Mount Holyoke College)
The Great Arsenal of Democracy (American Rhetoric)
Commonwealth Club Address (American Rhetoric)
"Let Our Hearts Be Stout" (The History Place - Great Speeches Collection)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt -- "Put away many evil things..." (Vincent Voice Library -- Michigan State University Libraries)

Fireside Chats

Franklin D. Roosevelt's Fireside Chats (The American Presidency Project)
First Fireside Chat (American Rhetoric)
Fireside Chat 28 - On the State of the Union (Economic Bill of Rights) (American Rhetoric)

Biographical Sites

Franklin Delano Roosevelt [alternate site] (POTUS)
Franklin D. Roosevelt (White House)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (American President)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (USA Presidents)
FDR (The American Experience -- PBS)
Life Portrait of Franklin D. Roosevelt (C-SPAN)
Franklin D. Roosevelt (Franklin D. Roosevelt Library)
Franklin D. Roosevelt Library & Digital Archives
The Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute
Remembering Franklin Delano Roosevelt (The Washington Post)
Franklin D. Roosevelt (Character Above All -- PBS)
Franklin D. Roosevelt, President 1933-1945 - Domestic Policy (From Roosevelt to Bush: The American Presidency: Transformation and Change -- lecture by Vernon Bogdanor, Gresham College)
Franklin D. Roosevelt, President 1933-1945 - Foreign Policy (From Roosevelt to Bush: The American Presidency: Transformation and Change -- lecture by Vernon Bogdanor, Gresham College)
Franklin D. Roosevelt's Ties to Georgia (Carl Vinson Institute of Government -- University of Georgia)
Franklin Roosevelt (Medical History of the Presidents of the United States)

Religious Views

Franklin Delano Roosevelt from The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents, by Franklin Steiner (Internet Infidels)

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