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Picture of Theodore Roosevelt
[Library of Congress]


26th President (1901-1909), 25th Vice President (1901)

Biographical Data
Religious Views
References, Links, & Further Reading

Education: Harvard

Occupation: writer, lawyer

Political Affiliation: Republican

Organizational Affiliation(s): Mason

Religious Affiliation: Dutch Reformed

Summary of Religious Views:

Views on Religion & Politics:


"To discriminate against a thoroughly upright citizen because he belongs to some particular church, or because, like Abraham Lincoln, he has not avowed his allegiance to any church, is an outrage against that liberty of conscience which is one of the foundations of American life." -- letter to J. C. Martin, 9 November 1908

"If there is one thing for which we stand in this country, it is for complete religious freedom, and it is an emphatic negation of this right to cross-examine a man on his religion before being willing to support him for office." -- letter to J. C. Martin, 9 November1908

"I believe that this Republic will endure for many centuries. If so there will doubtless be among its Presidents Protestants and Catholics, and very probably at some time, Jews. I have consistently tried while President to act in relation to my fellow Americans of Catholic faith as I hope that any future President who happens to be Catholic will act towards his fellow Americans of Protestant faith. Had I followed any other course I should have felt that I was unfit to represent the American people." -- letter to J. C. Martin, 9 November 1908

"I hold that in this country there must be complete severance of Church and State; that public moneys shall not be used for the purpose of advancing any particular creed; and therefore that the public schools shall be nonsectarian and no public moneys appropriated for sectarian schools." -- Carnegie Hall address, 12 October 1915

References, Links, & Further Reading: Books, Articles, Links


Works by Theodore Roosevelt

Books by Theodore Roosevelt (Project Bartleby)
Books by Theodore Roosevelt (Amazon.com)
ed. by Elting E. Morison and John Blum, The Letters of Theodore Roosevelt, 8 vols., Harvard Univ. Press, 1951-1954
Theodore Roosevelt: Letters and Speeches, Library of America, 2004
Autobiography of Theodore Roosevelt, Da Capo, 1985


Howard K. Beale, Theodore Roosevelt and the Rise of America to World Power, Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1956; reprint, 1984
John Morton Blum, The Republican Roosevelt, Harvard Univ. Press, 1977
H. W. Brands, T.R.: The Last Romantic, Perseus Books, 1997
Douglas Brinkley, The Wilderness Warrior: Theodore Roosevelt and the Crusade for America, Harper, 2009
David H. Burton, Theodore Roosevelt, American Politician: An Assessment, G. K. Hall, 1973
Peter Collier and David Horowitz, The Roosevelts: An American Saga, Simon and Schuster, 1994
Richard H. Collin, Theodore Roosevelt, Culture, Diplomacy, and Expansion: A New View of American Imperialism, Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1985
Richard H. Collin, Theodore Roosevelt's Caribbean: The Panama Canal, the Monroe Doctrine, and the Latin American Context, Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1990
John Milton Cooper, The Warrior and the Priest: Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt, Harvard Univ. Press, 1983
Paul R. Cutright, Theodore Roosevelt: The Making of a Conservationist, Univ. of Illinois Press 1985
Robert V. Friedenberg, Theodore Roosevelt and the Rhetoric of Militant Decency (Great American Orators), Greenwood Press, 1990
Lewis L. Gould, The Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt (American Presidency Series), Univ. Press of Kansas, 1991
William H. Harbaugh, The Life and Times of Theodore Roosevelt, rev. ed., Oxford, 1975
Paul H. Jeffers, Colonel Roosevelt: Theodore Roosevelt Goes to War, 1897-1898, Wiley, 1996
Lois Markham, Theodore Roosevelt (World Leaders Past & Present), Chelsea House, 1985
Frederick Marks, Velvet on Iron: The Diplomacy of Theodore Roosevelt, Univ. of Nebraska Press, 1979
David McCullough, Mornings on Horseback, Simon and Schuster, 1981
Candice Millard, The River of Doubt: Theodore Roosevelt's Darkest Journey,Doubleday, 2005
Nathan Miller, Theodore Roosevelt: A Life, Morrow, 1992
Edmund Morris, The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt , Coward, McCann and Geoghegan, 1979; reprint, Ballantine, 1980
Edmund Morris, Theodore Rex, Random House, 2001
George Mowry, The Era of Theodore Roosevelt, 1900-1912, Harper & Row, 1958
Patricia O'Toole, When Trumpets Call: Theodore Roosevelt After the White House, Simon & Schuster, 2005
Edward J. Renehan, The Lion's Pride: Theodore Roosevelt and His Family in Peace and War, Oxford Univ. Press, 1998
Henry F. Pringle, Theodore Roosevelt: A Biography, Harcourt Brace, 1931
Edward C. Wagenknecht, The Seven Worlds of Theodore Roosevelt, Longmans, Green, 1958
Sarah Watts, Rough Rider in the White House: Theodore Roosevelt and the Politics of Desire, Univ. of Chicago Press, 2003


Articles by Theodore Roosevelt
Edgar Lee Masters, "Theodore Roosevelt," from The New Star Chamber and Other Essays, Hammersmark Pub. Co., 1904
Matthew Spalding, "The Trouble with T R," National Review, 23 February 1998
Mitchell Yockelson, "Theodore Roosevelt and His Quest for Glory," Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration, Spring 1998, Vol. 30, No. 1


Works by Theodore Roosevelt

Speeches (Theodore Roosevelt Association)
Primary Speeches, Addresses, and Essays (Theodore Roosevelt.com)
Theodore Roosevelt Papers (Library of Congress)
Theodore Roosevelt: Historic Speeches (Presidential Rhetoric)
Theodore Roosevelt: Selected Works (Humanities Web)
Document Library (TeachingAmericanHistory.org)
Inaugural Address (AMDOCS)
Ranch Life and The Hunting-Trail (The West -- PBS)
The Man with the Muck-rake -- 1912 (American Rhetoric)
Obstacles to Immediate Expansion -- 1897 (Documents Relating to American Foreign Policy -- Mt. Holyoke)
Theodore Roosevelt -- speech extract (Vincent Voice Library -- Michigan State University Libraries)

Biographical Sites

Theodore Roosevelt [alternate site] (POTUS)
Theodore Roosevelt (White House)
ROOSEVELT, Theodore, 1858-1919 (Biographical Directory of the US Congress)
Teddy Roosevelt (USA Presidents)
Theodore Roosevelt (American President)
Theodore Roosevelt (1901) (Vice Presidents of the United States -- U.S. Senate)
Theodore Roosevelt -- Biography (The Nobel Foundation)
TR, The Story of Theodore Roosevelt (The American Experience -- PBS)
Life Portrait of Theodore Roosevelt (C-SPAN)
Theodore Roosevelt: Icon of the American Century (Smithsonian Institution)
Theodore Roosevelt Association
Theodore Roosevelt.com
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt (The Spanish American War Centennial Website)
The Roosevelts Move Into the White House, 1901 (Eye Witness)
Theodore Roosevelt -- recorded speech by Leonard Wood, c. 1920 (Library of Congress)
Theodore Roosevelt: His Life and Times on Film (Library of Congress)
Theodore Roosevelt (Medical History of the Presidents of the United States)

Roosevelt, Nature, & Conservation

Theodore Roosevelt (The West -- PBS)
Theodore Roosevelt (The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920 -- Library of Congress)
Theodore Roosevelt (Desert USA)
On Safari With Theodore Roosevelt, 1909 (Eye Witness)

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